Area: 20,723 km²
Population: 2,328,555 (2016)
Geographical Location: Antalya province, south of Turkey, is a tourist center in the center of the Mediterranean coast. North; Burdur, Isparta, Konya, to the east; Karaman, Mersin, west; There are provinces of Muğla. Its south is surrounded by the Mediterranean. The Turkish Riviera reaches 630 km in length on the shores of Antalya.
History: Antalya, meaning “Attalos Dormitory”, II. It was founded by Attalos. The city, which remained independent for a while after the end of the Kingdom of Bergama (133 BC), was later conquered by pirates. B.C. It was added to the Roman territory by Commander Servilius Isauricus in 77. B.C. He became the base of Pompeius’ navy in 67. A.D. Hadrian’s visit to Attaleia in 130 caused the development of the city. Attaleia, the name of which is the bishopric center during Byzantine domination, showed a great improvement after it was conquered by the Turks. Since the modern city was built on the ancient settlement, ancient ruins are very rare in Antalya. The first of the ruins that can be seen is part of the port miter, which is described as the old port, and the wall surrounding the port. The Hadrian Gate, which was restored in the part of the walls outside the park, is one of the most beautiful ancient monuments of Antalya.
Pamphylia, which means “very productive” in the ancient times, was called the city of Antalya and its surroundings, and Lykia. VIII before Christ. who migrated here from the west coast of the Aegean Sea since the 19th century; They established cities such as Aspendos and Side. II. King of Pergamum who reigned in the middle of the 2nd century. Attalos had surrounded Side. About 75 km from Antalya. The king, who could not take Side in the east, came to the current city center and established a city. It was called Attaleia with its name. Over time, there were those who called Atalia and Adalya. Antalya comes from his name.
In archaeological excavations, it has been proved that people lived in Antalya and its region 40 thousand years ago. The region since 2000 BC, respectively; It was under the administration of city states such as Hittite, Pamphylia, Lycia, Cilicia, and the continuation of Persia, Alexander the Great and Antigonos, Ptolemais, Selevkos, Pergamon Kingdom. Later, the Roman State ruled. The name of Antalya in ancient times was Pamphylia, and the cities established here were especially in the II. and III. century lived its golden age. Towards the 5th century, it lost its former glory.
The region was under the domination of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine name recognized by Turkey, joined in 1207 by the Seljuk Turkish territory. In the period of Anatolian Principalities, it entered the sovereignty of Hamitoğulları, a branch of the Teke Tribe. Teke Turkmens are one of the biggest tribes in the old homeland of Turks in Turkmenistan today. XI. Some of the century has come here. Today, north of Antalya and part of Isparta and Burdur, the Lakes Region is also called Teke region. At the time of the Ottomans, the center of Teke sanjak, which was connected to the Anatolian province, was the current Antalya city center. In those years, it was called Teke sanjak. The current name of the city is actually a slightly changed form of its name in ancient times and was given in the Republican period.
XVII. The famous Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi, who came to Antalya in the second half of the century, states that there are four neighborhoods and three thousand houses inside the castle and 24 neighborhoods outside the castle. The bazaar of the city was outside the castle. According to Evliya Çelebi, the port is large enough to take 200-piece ships. Antalya, which is the center of Teke Sanjak affiliated to Konya in administrative terms, has been turned into an independent sanjak in the last years of the Ottoman empire.
Old City; most of it is surrounded by destroyed and destroyed horseshoe-shaped walls inside and outside. The walls are the common work of Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods. The walls have 80 signs. There are about 3,000 houses with tile roofs inside the walls. The characteristic structures of the houses not only give an idea about the architectural history of Antalya, but also reflect the lifestyle, traditions and customs in the region. In 1972, Antalya inner harbor and Kaleiçi district were taken under protection by the “Real Estate Antiquities and Monuments High Council” as a “SIT area” due to its unique texture. The Golden Apple Tourism Oscar was awarded to the Ministry of Tourism by FİJET (International Association of Tourism Writers) on 28 April 1984 for the restoration work of “Antalya-Kaleiçi Complex”. Today, Kaleiçi has become an entertainment center with its hotels, hostels, restaurants and bars.
Old Antalya Houses: In Antalya, where summers are very hot and winters are warm, importance is given to preventing the sun and providing coolness in the construction of old houses rather than cold. Shady stones and courtyards are features that facilitate air flow. It is built on three floors with its entrance functioning as a warehouse and hall.
Grooved Minaret: It is the first Turkish structure of Antalya. In the center, near the port. According to the inscription on it, during the management of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Alâeddin Keykubat (